Travel to Prague, one of Europe’s most picturesque cities
“Beautiful” is a word often used to describe Prague, the historic capital city of the Czech Republic. Its picturesque squares and streets, and an abundance of red roofed buildings gives the city an almost fairytale quality that perfectly suits its location on the banks of the Vltava River in the north-west of the country. Nicknamed City of a Hundred Spires, Prague’s skyline is graced with a multitude of spires rising from its many beautiful churches, and then there’s the river and its bridges providing such a scenic backdrop for romantic riverside walks. With so much beauty on offer it’s not surprising to hear that Prague is one of Europe’s most visited tourist destinations.
Visit Prague and you’ll find a city that’s truly magical. Best known for its historical attractions, mostly dating from Medieval times, Prague was founded around the year 885 after Prague Castle was built, and it was easy to see early on in its history that Prague was going to be an important city. It was the seat of Bohemian kings, then a bishopric in 973 and an archbishopric in 1344. Thanks to its riverside setting Prague became an important trading center for merchants who came here and settled from all over Europe, boosting the city’s population and economy.The 14th century proved to be a real heyday for Prague. Charles IV made the city an imperial capital and it grew to become the third largest city in Europe. Significant construction took place including the New Town, Charles University was founded, and building of one of the city’s chief landmarks, Saint Vitus Cathedral was begun. In the following centuries things weren’t always so good: famine, religious conflict and wars took their toll on the city but it still remained strong. Then during the Second World War Prague was taken by the German Army and its multi-cultural population suffered at their hands, particularly the many thousands of Jews who had lived here peacefully for centuries. When Czechoslovakia split in 1993, Prague became the new capital of the Czech Republic and again began to grow with lots of new building projects and plenty of new immigrants to the city. Today it’s the largest city in the Czech Republic and the fourteenth largest in the European Union. Visited by millions of international tourists every year, Prague is one of those cities that people will never grow tired of. Visit Prague today and you’ll find a city steeped in history yet with a modern and cosmopolitan side to it. There’s plenty of nightlife, great restaurants, theatres, galleries, shopping and museums to take in, but most tourists visit Prague to see its landmarks including the Old Town, Prague Castle, the Astronomical Clock, and St. Vitus Cathedral. The historic center of the city has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its historic and cultural value, and for tourists who want to see most of its attractions, Prague has an extensive and modern public transport system to make use of.